The Kilobot is designed to make tests of collective algorithms on hundreds or thousands of robots accessible to robotics researchers.
Though the Kilobots are low-cost, they maintain abilities similar to other collective robots. These abilities include differential drive locomotion, on-board computation power, neighbor-to-neighbor communication, neighbor-to-neighbor distance sensing, and ambient light sensing. Additionally they are designed to operate such that no robot requires any individual attention by a human operator. This makes controlling a group of Kilobots easy, whether there are 10 or 1000 in the group.
The Kilobot was developed by the prestigious Harvard University and it is now produced and distributed by K-Team.