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Elements Technical Information


ATmega 328 (8bit @ 8MHz)


32 KB Flash used for both user program and bootloader, 1KB EEPROM for storing calibration values and other non-volatile data and 2KB SRAM


Rechargeable Li-Ion 3.7V, for a 3 months autonomy in sleep mode.
Each Kilobot has a built-in charger, which charges the onboard battery when +6 volts is applied to any of the legs, and GND is applied to the charging tab.


Kilobot charger (optional)


Kilobots can communicate with neighbors up to 7 cm away by reflecting infrared (IR) light off the ground surface.


When receiving a message, distance to the transmitting Kilobot can be determined using received signal strength. The brightness of the ambient light shining on a Kilobot can be detected.


Each Kilobot has 2 vibration motors, which are independently controllable, allowing for differential drive of the robot. Each motor can be set to 255 different power levels.


Each Kilobot has a red/green/blue (RGB) LED pointed upward, and each color has 3 levels of brightness control.


The diameter is 33 mm and the height is 34mm (including the legs)


The KiloGUI interface is available for controlling the controller board, sending program files to the robots and controlling them.


For programming, the open source development software WinAVR combinated with Eclipse gives a C programming enviromnent. An API with basic functions such as motor speed, led control, distance measurement,... is available and some examples are provided.

An online compiler is also available directly on the Kilobotics website


A serial output header is available on each robot for debugging via computer terminal.

Simulator V-REP, realistic 3D Simulator and robot programming (included for education), with Kilobot model.